Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)
The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) venture was started in 1990 with the target of gaining an Indian launch capacity for geosynchronous satellites.
GSLV utilizes significant parts that are now demonstrated in the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launchers as the S125/S139 strong rocket supporter and the fluid filled Vikas motor. The third stage was acquired from Russian organization Glavcosmos in light of an assention marked in 1991. Russia pulled out of the arrangement after US approvals were forced in May 1992. ISRO began the Cryogenic Upper Stage Project in April 1994 and started building up its own particular cryogenic stage. Russia consented to offer 7 cryogenic stages and 1 ground ridicule up stage rather than 5 cryogenic stages and the innovation to assemble the stages.
The primary improvement flight of GSLV Mk.I (GSLV-D1) was launched on 18 April 2001. The flight conveying GSAT-1 neglected to achieve the right circle. Endeavors to spare GSAT-1 by utilizing its own particular impetus framework to move it into the right circle were unsuccessful as it came up short on fuel a few thousand kilometers underneath geosynchronous circle.
The GSLV ended up plainly operational following a moment advancement flight, which effectively put GSAT-2 in 2003. In its first operational flight in September 2004, GSLV launched EDUSAT - India's initially devoted satellite for instructive administrations. Be that as it may, the second operational flight, GSLV F02, led on July 10, 2006 did not prevail with regards to putting the satellite INSAT-4C into space.
GSLV F04 is the fifth flight of India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV), launched INSAT-4CR satellite, into a geosynchronous exchange circle (GTO) of 170 km perigee and 35,975 km apogee with an orbital slant of 21.7° regarding the equator on 2 September 2007. In this manner, the satellite was moved into geostationary circle utilizing its own particular drive framework.
Two launches in 2010 fizzled; the to begin with, in April 2010, was the main flight of the GSLV Mk.II, with an Indian-grew third stage motor supplanting the Russian motor utilized on before flights. The third stage neglected to light. The following launch, in December 2010, utilized the Russian motor, however the vehicle left control amid first stage flight and was crushed by range wellbeing.
GSLV-D5, launched on 5 January 2014, was the primary fruitful flight of the GSLV Mark.II utilizing the indigenously created cryogenic motor, the CE-7.5.
GSLV-F05 effectively launched from Sriharikota at 16:50 on September 8, 2016 conveying 2211 kg satellite INSAT-3DR and the satellite has been set at GTO 1024 seconds after launch.
GSLV-F09 effectively launched GSAT-9 at 16:57 IST on May 5, 2017 from Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota. The launch happened under a legislature forced media power outage for which no official illumination was provided. Campaign subtle elements were made accessible simply after the launch occasion was over. The mission sent the SAARC satellite, that Prime Minister Narendra Modi reported as a blessing to South Asian countries in 2014. It was renamed as South Asia Satellite after Pakistan pulled out of the venture. The satellite has 12 Ku-band transponders and has an expected administration life of 12 years. The mission was likewise the fourth back to back effective flight of the GSLV Mark II fueled by an indigenous Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS).
Sriharikota is a boundary island off the Bay of Bengal drift situated in the Indian condition of Andhra Pradesh, India. It houses the SatishDhawan Space Center, one of the two satellite launch focuses in India with the other being the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in Thiruvananthapuram. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) launch satellites utilizing multistage rockets, for example, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle from Sriharikota.
Sriharikota is situated in Nellore locale in Andhra Pradesh and isolates Pulicat Lake from the Bay of Bengal The closest town and railroad station is Sullurpeta. It is 80 km from the city of Chennai.