Kuttanad in Kerala
Kuttanad is an area covering the Alappuzha and Kottayam Districts, in the territory of Kerala, India, surely understood for its tremendous paddy fields and geological idiosyncrasies. The district has the least height in India, and is one of only a handful couple of spots on the planet where cultivating is conveyed 1.2 to 3.0 meters (4 to 10 ft) beneath ocean level. Kuttanadu is verifiably critical in the antiquated history of South India and is the significant rice maker in the state. Ranchers of Kuttinad are acclaimed for Biosaline Farming. FAO has pronounced the Kuttanad Farming System as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS). Four of Kerala's significant streams, the Pamba, Meenachil, Achankovil and Manimala stream into the locale. It is outstanding for it watercraft race in the Ramankari Backwaters. Additionally known in Malayalam as:(Vallamkalli). The principal written history on the cause of this land is gotten from Sangam period writing. Moreover the oral history among neighborhood individuals, exchanged from era to era is a mix of myths and legends is an important asset. As indicated by Sangam time archives, Uthiyan Cheralatan (Perum Chorru Udiyan Cheralathan or Keralathan, Athan I), or Udiyanjeral (AD c. 130) is the main recorded Kera (Chera) line leader of the Sangam period in old South India. He had his capital at a place called Kuzhumur in Kuttanad (focal Kerala) and extended the kingdom northward and eastbound from his unique country. His lifetime is comprehensively resolved to be amongst first and third century AD. His ruler was Veliyan Nallini, the little girl of Veliyan Venman. Uthiyan Keralathan or Cheralathan was a contemporary of the Chola ruler Karikala Chola. He is lauded for his elephant corps and mounted force. Display day Changanacherry end of Kuttanad was the capital of the Kera or Chera tradition ruler Uthiyan_Cheralathan ("Keralathan" is the Malayalam elocution of "Cheralathan" in Tamil, correspondingly "Keralam" is a subordinate adaptation of "Chera-izham" or place that is known for Cheras). His relative was Senguttavan (Chenguttavan signifies "overcome hearted" in malayalam and his name is conveyed by the following towns of Chenganacherri and Chengana to the present day). As indicated by sangam writing, Keralathan was vanquished in the Battle of Venni with Karikala Chola and the capital was torched by the Chola armed force. The name "Chutta-nad" (consumed arrive) moved toward becoming kuttanad, when malayalam advanced from tamil and the "Che" sound in tamil was supplanted with the "Ke" sound in malayalam. Another neighborhood legend says Kuttanad was accepted to be woodland with thick tree development. This backwoods was wrecked in this manner by a rapidly spreading fire.